Lanolin is known as wool wax or wool fat. Readily absorbed by the skin, lanolin resembles skin’s own sebum. It is highly emollient and an effective moisturiser. It is cushioning and protects the skin.
It is a soft, yellow, waxy substance secreted by the sebaceous glands of sheep. Its purpose is to waterproof and protect the wool.
Chemically, lanolin is a complex mixture of esters, fatty acids and alcohols. Lanolin can be extracted from raw wool mechanically, by squeezing, but many methods in the past have used a chemical cocktail for this purpose.
Crude lanolin makes up between 5-25% of the weight of freshly shorn wool.
Lanolin is an excellent moisturising ingredient, as it emulsifies water on the skin and holds it there; its cushioning, plumping effect is noticeable. It is a perfect ingredient for conditioning and protecting the skin. It creates a protective film over the skin, allowing it to function and breathe naturally.
Medical grade lanolin is used as an ointment base, as the skin easily absorbs it. It facilitates the delivery of any medicinal ingredient it carries.
Lanolin is used in a number of hair treatments for its protective qualities and impressive conditioning effect.